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The monument of the Islamic culture of IX century is restored in Tajikistan

25.08.2010

The monument of the Islamic culture of IX century is restored in Tajikistan

The monument of the Islamic culture of IX century is restored in Tajikistan

Inauguration after reconstruction of one of the most ancient Islamic monuments in Tajikistan – madrasah and mausoleum of Khoja Mashkhad – took place in August of this year in Shahrituz district (210 km to the south west of Dushanbe). Khojat Mashkhad – is a figure famous in the Islamic world, theologian – missioner, traveler and supporter, who funded construction of madrasah in the beginning of the IX century and who was buried in a mausoleum. This complex is listed in the monuments of the cultural heritage of UNESCO. Reconstruction of the monument went on for five years; Government of Tajikistan and embassy of the USA allocated $106 thousand USD for reconstruction purposes.

Madrasah and mausoleum, twin buildings with a intricate brick paving with domes of more than 20 meters high, built by ancient architects so that in summer time it is cool inside and in winter it is warm. Neither rain nor snow could get inside through a hole in the dome, and sun rays showed exact timing. According to the architect-restorer Rahmatjon Salomov, burials inside of the mausoleum can belong to the first Muslim missioners of this region. Construction of the mausoleum dates back to IX century and the mosque and madrasah to the XII century, reported Rahmatjon to journalists. The keeper of the complex, Mahmadi Yusuf in his turn noted that the madrasah was centre of education in the region in the X century; the known Tajik-Persian poet and traveler Nasiri Khusraw studied here. The complex of madrasah and mosque functioned until the XIII century, until Arab invaders capturing ancient Kabodiyon (the area where the mausoleum is located), broke into Khoja Mashkhad, killed and burnt all the disciples and their teachers.

Detail study of the complex started in the beginning of the 50s of the XX century when most valuable items from Khoja Mashkhad – door inlayed with gold, silver and precious stones, made out from red wood, cupric jars, 32 jems – extracted from the dome were sent to the exposition of “Ermitazh” to the Russian Federation.

Opening the presentation of the restored complex, the Ambassador of the USA to Tajikistan, Kenneth Gross said that this action is a proof of the growing cultural relations between Amerian and Tajik people. In his turn, Imam-Khatib of the Georg Town University in Washington, Imam Ihya Hendi, specially arriving in Tajikistan for the ceremony, noted that "restoration of this complex is a tribute to Islamic monuments and traditions, uniting our past and future ".

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