Things to do
Are you planning a trip to Tajikistan? This web site contains useful tips on how to make your travels through Tajikisatn eventful, interesting and unforgettable: where to go, what to see, where to eat and what to look out for. We hope that the information we have prepared for you will help make your trip more enjoyable in our scenic and hospitable country.
Visit our natural zakazniks or reserves which include «Zorkul», «Romit», «Mozkul», «Dashti Jum», the Tajik National park, «Zarafshon», «Iskanderkul», «Nurek», «Childukhtaron», «Sangvor», «Mozkul», «Oktash», «Karatau», where the unique ecology, landscape and natural monuments are preserved in their primordial state. Also threatened flora and fauna species are preserved which were enlisted in Tajikisatn’s Red book of threatened and endangered species such as the markhor, arkhar (Marco Polo sheep), Bukharian mountain sheep (argali), spotted Bukharian deer, snow leopard, Tian Shan brown bear, brindled hyena, and Indian mountain goose.
One of the unique corners of nature in the upper reaches of Amudarya is called «Tigrovaya Balka». Animals like the noble deer-khangul, desert Persian gazelle, leopard, jungle cat, hyena, black-golden Tajik pheasant, desert partridge, serpent eagle, wild boar, badger, porcupine, Central Asian cobra, lebetina viper, carpet viper and a wide range of other non-poisonous snakes are preserved in the reserves. Rivers and lakes are full of: trout, marinka, sheatfish, mudfish, carp, white amur; and in the lower reaches of the river Vakhsh the oldest relict fish – skafiringus frequents this habitat.
The historical and natural park «Sherkent» is located near the city Tursunzade and it has unique natural and recreational resources and is ideal for mountain-sports. The natural reserve «Sari Khosor» is located in Baljuvan district of the country.
A unique natural monument in the Pamirs is the Pamir biological garden which is located at the altitude of 2,320m above sea level near Khorog town. This garden at the background of barren slopes is a real green miracle where more than 20,000 plants from all continents have been collected. Among them there are rare and peculiar specimens of plants, such as the Amur velvet, cork trees, black Austrian pine and a unique collection roses with pure tones and incomparable fragrance.
There are about 200 mineral and thermal springs in Tajikistan. The famous ones are «Khoja Obi Gharm», sanatorium «Shaambari», health improving resort «Garm Chashma», «Zumrad» and «Khavatag». At the Sanatorium’s treatments are available for the cardiovascular system, respiratory systme, musculoskeletal system, urinary tracts, gynecological disorders, gastrointestinal disturbance, liver and also dermatosis are provided at the sanatoriums. Calcium deposits from the springs form chalky sedimentation with interesting shapes on the hot springs of the resorts - «Garmchashma», «Bashor» and «Shahdara». They are beautiful especially in the Garm Chashma spring which is located 35 km south of Khorog. «Garm Chashma» is situated at the altitude of more than 2000m above sea level and can be noticed from afar due to the unique whiteness of the calcium deposits. «Garm Chashma» functions all year round and successfully heals all types of dermal diseases (especially psoriasis and dermatitis). The location of the sanatorium in the high altitude is favorable to treating conditions like morbus hypertonicus and bronchial asthma.
The territory of Tajikistan is located on the key historical routes of the Great Silk Road connecting East and West. It had a significant role in international trade and cultural exchange, connecting traders from Bactria since times immemorial with Chaganian, Shumon, Chaganian, Shumon, Akhorun, Kubodiyon, Vakhsh, Hutal, Rasht, Kumed, Darvoz, Vanj, Rushan and Vakhan, Soghd, Istravshan (Ustrushan) and Ferghana with India, Afghanistan and China. The Great Silk Road was not only used for trading goods between the East and West but also many ideas and cultural traditions were shared and exchanged. As a result a certain cultural community emerged, with an amazing mixture of traditions which even today manifest western and eastern features together.
Today in the oldest cities of Tajikistan – Khujand, Istaravshan, Penjikent, and Kulyab - which have changed significantly over the last few years, the ancient historical, cultural and handicraft traditions are still preserved and practiced with care. Tourists with an interest in ethnographic details can study historical traditions, cultures and people’s life styles, and under the supervision of skillful masters there is always the opportunity to learn the basics of ancient forgotten crafts.
Holiday on the beach
The Kairakum reservoir is the “Tajik sea”. It is located to the east of Khujand and was created as a result of the construction of a hydropower station. This picturesque corner of Northern Tajikistan with its mild climate has become a lovely place for beach holidays. Sanatoriums, resorts, camping areas on the banks of the lake surrounded by beautiful fruit gardens.
Mountaineering – mountain-sport tourism
The Grand Pamir – one of the most famous high-plateaus of the world with the highest peaks from 2,800 to 7,495m above sea level is located in the territory of Tajikistan. Mountaineers from all over the world climb to the breathtaking mountain summits – Ismoili Somoni and Evgeniya Korzhenevskaya, which are more than 7,000m hight. Every year alpinist’s expeditions are carried out in Tajikistan attracting mountaineering enthusiasts from countries all over the world to climb the highest mountain peaks of the country. It is a dream of each alpinist to conquer the Ismoili Somoni summit of 7,495m altitude of the Pamirs. The unique mountainous terrain of the Pamir region is very well suited for trekking of all levels of difficulty, special types of outdoor adventure sports such as rock-climbing, alpinism, downhill skiing, hunting, rafting, snowboarding, and other types of mountain-sport tourism.
The Fan Mountains are especially famous among alpinists; they are located between the Zerafshan and Gissar ranges from Kshtutdarya to Fondarya. Today, the Fan Mountains are the most accessible among the high mountains of the country for tourists. A mirror like lake with blue-green water – Lake Iskanderkul, is nested in the stone bowl of these mountains, the biggest lake of the Fan Mountains, located in the North of Tajikistan. Tourist facilities are available at the bank of the lake. This route is taken by tourists traveling by car along the amazing gorges of Fandarya, Yagnob and Iskanderkul. The surrounding mountains seem multicoloured, as bluish, red and lilac colors prevail in them. The Iskandarya gorge is sometimes called the gorge of colorful rocks, and the power of winds has turned them into fanciful fortress walls and castles.
Walking tours and lakes
Tajikistan is a country which is rich in reserves of drinking water (eight place in the world). Almost half of the water resources of the Central Asian region originate from the upland rivers, lakes and glaciers of Tajikistan. Biggest lakes are Karakul, Zorkul, Rangkul, Shorkul, Bulunkul and Lake Sarez - which formed as a result of an earthquake in 1911. In the Pamir region alone in the altitudes from 3,200 to 5,000 meters, 1,450 lakes and 220 rivers are concentrated which is 83 % of the total area of lakes across Tajikistan.
Over 30 lakes are nestled in the Fan Mountains area which are different by feature and sizes, with cold and crystal clean waters that originate in the snowcapped mountains. Iskanderkul – is the biggest lake in the Fan Mountains, which is located at an altitude of 2,200m above sea level. Its banks are very picturesque and are surrounded by mountains, the snow-covered peaks of which are reflected in the mirror-like surface of Iskanderkul.
To the West of Iskanderkul, in the upper reaches of Shing River, a sparkling water stairway from seven Marguzon lakes is stretched along the mountain valley. And a little further, passing Kulikalon River – the second biggest lake after Iskanderkul - you can find yourself by the most beautiful Alaudin lakes.